Hydrogen and Fuel Cell

Friday, February 11, 2005

Hydrogen in the Energy Sector

Issue : 8.7.1996

Authors: Dr. Werner Zittel, Reinhold Wurster
Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH

In this report you will learn

  • Why Hydrogen as an energy carrier is discussed
  • What advantages and disadvantages hydrogen has, compared to other energy carriers
  • How safe hydrogen is
  • How expensive hydrogen is and why it can become cheaper in the future
  • How hydrogen can be generated, stored and transported
  • How hydrogen can be used to produce electricity
  • How hydrogen can be used to produce heat
  • How hydrogen can be used to power vehicles
  • How a Wind-Hydrogen system is laid out, for example
  • What realistic examples for hydrogen use exist at present


Contents

1 Introduction


2 Advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen
2.1 Physical properties
2.2 Energetic Evaluation
2.3 Environmental Advantages
2.4 Status of hydrogen technology


3 Production of hydrogen
3.1 Primary and secondary energy sources
3.2 Production from fossil fuels
3.3 Production from biomass
3.4 Production from electricity by means of electrolysis


4 Handling, storage and transport
4.1 Physical/Chemical conditioning
4.2 Storage options
4.3 Transport



Further chapters in preparation